Neutering or castration of a male dog is the surgical removal of both testicles under anaesthesia by a veterinarian.
The surgery is not lengthy and usually the dog will be allowed to return home the same day. The surgery is usually performed after six months of age when both testicles have descended into the scrotum.
Neutering a dog makes him a better family pet, usually eliminating territorial marking, (such as lifting his leg on every tree and object – even in the house ! ) and roaming in search of bitches in heat. It has health benefits too, as it prevents testicular cancer, and reduces the chance of prostate cancer. It tends to calm down the sometimes aggressive or hyperactive dog.
Contrary to popular belief, neutering does not cause a dog to become fat, however your dogs requirements for food and exercise may change after neutering. It is important to monitor his weight, and if needed, increase his exercise or change his diet after he has recovered from surgery.
Lastly, there are thousands of unwanted dogs in shelters and pounds in this country. If you are not considering serious breeding of dogs make sure your dog does not father puppies that end up unwanted, unloved and euthanased.